The extraordinary gravity
of three atom 4π-components
and 1,3-dienes
to C20-nXn fullerenes;
a new gate to the future
of Nano technology

2022 vol 1 issue 1

S. A. Siadati, S. Rezazadeh

Pages 46-68
doi: 10.58332/v22i1a04


A quick glance to the adsorption, sensing, and energy storage abilities of C20 fullerene and its derivatives indicate that this small carbon cluster may have extraordinary properties which would make it a key part of the future of Nano actuators and Nano machines. For example, in the case of the gravity of three atom 4π-components (TACs) to these carbon cages, it should be noted that; the rate constants (K)s of the reaction of C20 fullerene with 1,3-butadiene (Diels-Alder (DA) process), and with 2-furan nitrile oxide ([3+2] cycloaddition (32CA process)) are 2.51(1011) M-1 s-1, and 1.4(107)M-1 s-1, respectively. However, the rate constant of the 32CAreaction between norbornadiene and 3,4-dihydro isoquinoline-N-oxide is about 2.56(10-5) M-1 s-1 (both by DFT and by experimental results). This simple comparison could show the extraordinary gravity of some TACs and dienes to C20 fullerenes.

[3+2] cycloadditions, Nano technology, C20 fullerene, actuators, reaction mechanism, functionalization

First published: 18.11.2022